Australia’s CSIRO has identified a strain of seaweed that can reduce bovine methane emissions by more than 99 percent if added to cow feed in small amounts. This could be huge for climate change, but it also has significant benefits for farmers.
I thought this was a cow fart story; it’s not. Sadly, according to Australia’s CSIRO, the vast majority of bovine methane – some 90 percent of all emissions – comes from burps, not from backdraft. But whichever end it comes from, methane represents a problem. In climate change terms, methane is a greenhouse gas 28 times more powerful than carbon dioxide. In agricultural terms, when cows burp out methane, as much as 15 percent of the energy in their feedstock is being thrown away instead of converted into meat. For more than a decade, researchers have been aware that adding seaweed to a cow’s diet made a significant reduction to that methane release, leading to cleaner agriculture and better meat production. Early tests found seaweed could cut back methane release by as much as 20 percent.
Researchers at the University College London (UCL), University of Pennsylvania and the University of Sheffield have developed an artificially intelligent (AI) ‘judge’ that has managed to achieve 79% accuracy in the judicial verdicts taken at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).
The software was able to came up with the same verdict as its human counterparts in almost 80% (584 cases) of the cases that focused on torture and degrading treatment, fair trials and privacy. The method is the first to predict the outcomes of a major international court by automatically examine case text using a machine learning algorithm. The study behind it was published in PeerJ Computer Science.
“We don’t see AI replacing judges or lawyers, but we think they’d find it useful for rapidly identifying patterns in cases that lead to certain outcomes. It could also be a valuable tool for highlighting which cases are most likely to be violations of the European Convention on Human Rights,” explained Dr Nikolaos Aletras, who led the study at UCL Computer Science. An equal number of “violation” and “non-violation” cases were chosen for the study.
The team while developing the method found that judgements by the ECHR are highly connected to non-legal facts (i.e. its history and its particulars) rather than directly legal arguments (i.e., how exactly the Convention on Human Rights had or had not been violated), suggesting that judges of the Court are in the jargon of legal theory, ‘realists’ rather than ‘formalists,’ which means that the judges more interested in a “fair” judgement than a strict application of the letter of the law. This fact is supported from findings from studies done in the past based on the decision-making processes of other high level courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court.
Wendy O Williams of the Plasmatics in ‘Dry’ magazine
Ryan Richardson is one of the United States’ foremost collectors, archivists, and dealers of punk rock records and ephemera, as well as being the Internet saint who created free online archives of Star, Rock Scene, and Slash magazines. He also runs Fanzinefaves.com, a repository of various early punk zines as well as the exhaustive punk info blog Break My Face.
We’ve written about Richardson’s punk altruism before here at Dangerous Minds. The last time was back in June when he uploaded the entire print run of excellent early San Francisco punk magazine Damage over at his site CirculationZero.com.
Richardson has done his Good Samaritan work once again, this time with the upload of the complete print run of the late ‘70s/early ‘80s NYC punk magazine Dry to Circulation Zero.
(Newser) – If Florida has its own special sauce ofcrime, then Maine might, too. Police in Portland arrested a man dressed as a tree on Monday, reports WMTW. More specifically, cops say Asher Woodworth, 30, covered himself in evergreen branches, walked into an intersection, and proceeded to block traffic. Responding officers escorted him to the sidewalk, gave him a warning, then arrested him when he walked right back into the intersection.
“His motivation was to see how people would react to what he called his ‘performance’ and how he might impact ‘people’s natural choreography,’” a police official tells the Portland Press Herald. You can watch video here. Woodworth is charged with obstructing a public way, but he’s free after posting bail. If you’re wondering what the going rate is on bail for tree impersonators: 60 bucks.
Earlier this month, Linux boss Linus Torvalds unleashed Linux kernel 4.8 after a series of eight Release Candidates. This release opened the merge window for Linux kernel 4.9. Last week, in a Google+ post, he also talked about the tentative release date of Linux 5.0. A couple of days ago, on his usual Sunday afternoon release schedule, Torvalds released Linux 4.9-rc2. Torvalds said that Linux 4.9 is shaping up to be a big release. “I haven’t done the actual stats yet, but I think it’s the biggest in number of commits we’ve ever had,” Torvalds added.
Stefano Brizzi strangled PC Gordon Semple and dismembered his body before resorting to cannibalism, prosecution suggests
A man may have cooked and eaten parts of a police officer’s corpse after strangling him, a court has heard.
Stefano Brizzi, 50, is accused of murdering PC Gordon Semple, who had served with the Metropolitan police for 30 years, on 1 April after inviting him round for drug-fuelled sex.
Brizzi admits dismembering and disposing of the 59-year-old police officer’s body, but claims his death was an accident and denies murder.
At the Old Bailey on Friday, the prosecutor Crispin Aylett QC said Semple’s DNA was recovered from Brizzi’s oven, a cooking pot and chopsticks found in the flat. Additionally, possible bite marks were found on a rib in the kitchen dustbin and a leg bone showed signs of heat damage, he said.
“It could be seen that the handle of the oven was bloodstained. Inside the oven, there was a pool of fat and grease,” Aylett told the jury. “This was found to contain a DNA profile that matched that of Gordon Semple.”
History tells us that the Nazis sought to rule the world — and recent discoveries show that the “world” in question apparently included the Arctic Circle.
Indeed, during an expedition to explore the region this August, Russian researchers discovered a secret Nazi base, which the Nazis used during the war as a weather station.
Until now, the site’s existence only came in German documents which mentioned it, including the 1942 book Wettertrupp Haudegen. The Russian researchers’ discovery definitively proves the site — long speculated on by conspiracy theorists — is real.
“Before it was only known from written sources, but now we also have real proof,” Russia National Park senior researcher Evgeny Ermolov said in a statement. “Relying on authentic historical sources, including the memoirs of one of the members of the German meteorologists group, we have conducted a study of the station. Now we can reconstruct events and dispel false myths.”
It’s fair to say that after the Edward Snowden leaks, the National Security Agency (NSA) has had a bit of an image problem, which in turn has affected recruiting efforts. As Neal Ziring, technical lead for the NSA’s information directorate told NPR “When I’ve been out on campuses and talking to students,” the Snowden leaks “puts them off or they have doubts.”
So what is the NSA doing to combat all this bad PR? Summer camps.
The NSA, in partnership with the National Science Foundation, has begun funding elementary, middle, and high school camps. The program’s focus is on cybersecurity and computer skills, and features a broad range of students or varying skill levels, from the basics of running an operating system to advanced hacking techniques. GenCyber, as it is known, began in 2014 with just six offerings nationwide, which grew to 43 camps in 2015, and eventually tripling this year to 133 camps.
The NSA’s goal is to have 200 camps in all 50 states up and running by 2020, and so far this goal seems well within reach.